Plants containing psychedelic tryptamines

Many of the psychedelic plants contain Dimethyltryptamine (DMT), which is either snorted (Virola, Yopo snuffs), smoked, or drunk with MAOIs (Ayahuasca). It can not simply be eaten, and it needs to be extremely concentrated to be smokable, since the user needs to smoke all of it in a minute or else tolerance builds rapidly.

Acanthaceae (250 genera-2500 specie)
Aizoaceae/Ficoidaceae (135 genera-1900 species)
Apocynaceae (424 genera-1500 species)
  • Voacanga africana: Iboga alkaloids. The bark and seeds of the tree are used in Ghana as a poison, stimulant, aphrodisiac, and ceremonial psychedelic. These effects are due to the presence of a complex mixture of iboga alkaloids such as voacangine, vocamine, vobtusine, amataine, akuammidine, tabersonine, coronaridine and vobtusine. A number of these compounds have pharmaceutical uses.
Fabaceae/Leguminosae (730 genera-19400 species)
Caesalpinioideae (subfamily of Fabaceae) (170 genera-2000 species)
  • Petalostylis cassioides: 0.4-0.5% tryptamine, DMT, etc. in leaves and stems
  • Petalostylis labicheoides: Tryptamines in leaves and stems, MAO's up to 0.5%
  • Acacia acuminata:Up to 1.5% alkaloids, mainly consisting of tryptamine in leafAcacia adunca: Beta-methyl-phenethylamineβ-methyl-phenethylamine, 2.4% in leaves
  • Acacia alpina: Active principles in leaf
  • Acacia aneura: Psychoactive, Ash used in Pituri. Ether extracts about 2-6% of the dried leaf mass
  • Acacia angustifolia: Psychoactive, Tryptamine
  • Acacia angustissima: β-methyl-phenethylamine NMT and DMT in leaf (1.1-10.2 ppm)
  • Acacia aroma: Tryptamine alkaloids Significant amount of tryptamine in the seeds
  • Acacia auriculiformis: 5-MeO-DMT in stem bark
  • Acacia baileyana: 0.02% tryptamine and [[carboline|β-carbolines]], in the leaf, Tetrahydro
  • Acacia beauverdiana: Psychoactive Ash used in Pituri
  • Acacia berlandieri: DMT, amphetamines, mescaline, nicotine
  • Acacia catechu: DMT and other tryptamines in leaf, bark
  • Acacia caven: Psychoactive
  • Acacia chundra: DMT and other tryptamines in leaf, bark
  • Acacia colei: DMT
  • Acacia complanata: 0.3% alkaloids in leaf and stem, almost all N-methyl-tetrahydroharman, with traces of tetrahydroharman, some of tryptamine
  • Acacia concinna: Nicotine
  • Acacia confusa: DMT & NMT in leaf, stem & bark 0.04% NMT and 0.02% DMT in stem.. Also N,N-dimethyltryptamine N-oxide
  • Acacia constricta: β-methyl-phenethylamine
  • Acacia coriacea: Psychoactive. Ash used in Pituri
  • Acacia cornigera: Psychoactive, Tryptamines
  • Acacia cultriformis: Tryptamine, in the leaf, stem and seeds. Phenethylamine in leaf and seeds
  • Acacia cuthbertsonii: Psychoactive
  • Acacia decurrens: Psychoactive, but less than 0.02% alkaloids
  • Acacia delibrata: Psychoactive
  • Acacia falcata: Psychoactive, but less than 0.02% alkaloids
  • Acacia farnesiana: Traces of 5-MeO-DMT in fruit. β-methyl-phenethylamine, flower. Ether extracts about 2-6% of the dried leaf mass. Alkaloids are present in the bark and leaves. Amphetamines and mescaline also found in tree
  • Acacia filiciana: Psychoactive
  • Acacia floribunda: Tryptamine, phenethylamine in flowers other tryptamines, phenethylamines
  • Acacia georginae: Psychoactive, plus deadly toxins
  • Acacia greggii: N-methyl-β-phenethylamine, phenethylamine
  • Acacia harpophylla: Phenethylamine, hordenine at a ratio of 2:3 in dried leaves, 0.6% total
  • Acacia holoserica: Hordenine, 1.2% in bark
  • Acacia horrida: Psychoactive
  • Acacia implexa: Psychoactive
  • Acacia jurema: DMT, NMT
  • Acacia karroo: Psychoactive
  • Acacia kempeana: Psychoactive
  • Acacia kettlewelliae: 1.5.-1.88% alkaloids, 92% consisting of phenylethylamine. 0.9% N-methyl-2-phenylethylamine found a different time
  • Acacia laeta: DMT, in the leaf
  • Acacia lingulata: Psychoactive
  • Acacia longifolia: 0.2% tryptamine in bark, leaves, some in flowers, phenylethylamine in flowers, 0.2% DMT in plant. Histamine alkaloids
  • Acacia longifolia var. ''sophorae'': Tryptamine in leaves, bark
  • Acacia macradenia: Tryptamine
  • Acacia maidenii: 0.6% NMT and DMT in about a 2:3 ratio in the stem bark, both present in leaves
  • Acacia mangium: Psychoactive
  • Acacia melanoxylon: DMT, in the bark and leaf but less than 0.02% total alkaloids
  • Acacia mellifera: DMT in the leaf
  • Acacia nilotica: DMT in the leaf
  • Acacia nilotica subsp. adstringens: Psychoactive, DMT in the leaf
  • Acacia obtusifolia: Tryptamine, DMT, NMT, other tryptamines 0.4-0.5% in dried bark, 0.07% in branch tips
  • Acacia oerfota: Less than 0.1% DMT in leaf, NMT
  • Acacia penninervis: Psychoactive
  • Acacia phlebophylla: 0.3% DMT in leaf, NMT
  • Acacia platensis: Psychoactive
  • Acacia podalyriaefolia: Tryptamine in the leaf, 0.5% to 2% DMT in fresh bark, phenethylamine, trace amounts
  • Acacia polyacantha: DMT in leaf and other tryptamines in leaf, bark
  • Acacia polyacantha ssp. ''campylacantha'': Less than 0.2% DMT in leaf, NMT; DMT and other tryptamines in leaf, bark
  • Acacia prominens: phenylethylamine, β-methyl-phenethylamine
  • Acacia pruinocarpa: Psychoactive Ash used in Pituri
  • Acacia pycantha: Psychoactive, but less than 0.02% total alkaloids
  • Acacia retinodes: DMT, NMT, nicotine, but less than 0.02% total alkaloids found
  • Acacia rigidula: DMT, NMT, tryptamine, amphetamines, mescaline, nicotine and others
  • Acacia roemeriana'' || β-methyl-phenethylamine
  • Acacia salicina: Psychoactive. Ash used in Pituri
  • Acacia sassa: Psychoactive
  • Acacia schaffneri: β-methyl-phenethylamine, Phenethylamine Amphetamines and mescaline also found
  • Acacia schottii: β-methyl-phenethylamine
  • Acacia senegal: Less than 0.1% DMT in leaf, NMT, other tryptamines. DMT in plant, DMT in bark
  • Acacia seyal: DMT, in the leaf. Ether extracts about 1-7% of the dried leaf mass
  • Acacia sieberiana: DMT, in the leaf
  • Acacia simplex: DMT and NMT, in the leaf, stem and trunk bark, 0.81% DMT in bark, MMT
  • Acacia taxensis: β-methyl-phenethylamine
  • Acacia tenuifolia: Psychoactive
  • Acacia tenuifolia var. producta: Psychoactive
  • Acacia tortilis: DMT, NMT, and other tryptamines
  • Acacia verek: Psychoactive. Less than 0.1% DMT in leaf, NMT, other tryptamines
  • Acacia vestita: Tryptamine, in the leaf and stem, but less than 0.02% total alkaloids
  • Acacia victoriae: Tryptamines, 5-MeO-alkyltryptamine
  • Acacia visco: Psychoactive

Other Plants Containing DMT:

  • Anadenanthera colubrina: Bufotenin, Bufotenin oxide, N,N-Dimethyltryptamine, pods, N,N-Dimethyltryptamine oxide (Beans)
  • Anadenanthera colubrina var. cebi: Bufotenin and Dimethyltryptamine have been isolated from the seeds and seed pods, 5-MeO-DMT from the bark of the stems. The seeds were found to contain 12.4% bufotenine, 0.06% 5-MeO-DMT and 0.06% dimethyltryptamine DMT
  • Anadenanthera peregrina:1,2,3,4-Tetrahydro-6-methoxy-2,9-dimethyl-beta-carboline, 1,2,3,4-Tetrahydro-6-methoxy-2-methyl-beta-carboline (Plant) 5-MeO-DMT|5-Methoxy-N,N-dimethyltryptamine (Bark) 5-Methoxy-N-methyltryptamine (Bark) Bufotenin (Plant, beans) Bufotenin N-oxide (Fruit, beans) N,N-Dimethyltryptamine-oxide (Fruit)
  • Anadenanthera peregrina var. peregrina: Bufotenine is in the seeds
  • Desmanthus illinoensis: 0% - 0.34% DMT in root bark, highly variable alkaloids, plants & analogs
  • Desmanthus leptolobus: 0.14% DMT in root bark, more reliable than D. illinoensis
  • Desmodium caudatum: Roots: 0.087% DMT, Bufotenine-N-oxide 0.03%
  • Desmodium gangeticum: DMT, 5-MEO-DMT, whole plant, roots, stems, leaves
  • Desmodium gyrans/Codariocalyx motorius: DMT, 5-MEO-DMT, leaves, roots
  • Desmodium pulchellum: DMT (dominates in seedlings and young plants), 5-MEO-DMT (dominates in mature plant), whole plant, roots, stems, leaves, flowers
  • Desmodium racemosum: 5-MEO-DMT
  • Desmodium triflorum: DMT-N-oxide, roots
  • Lespedeza capitata: DMT, 5-MEO-DMT in leaves and roots
  • Lespedeza bicolor: DMT, 5-MEO-DMT in leaves and roots
  • Lespedeza bicolor var. japonica : DMT, 5-MEO-DMT in leaves and root bark
  • Mimosa ophthalmocentra: DMT
  • Mimosa scabrella: DMT in bark
  • Mimosa tenuiflora/Mimosa hostilis: 0.31-0.57% dry root bark
  • Mimosa verrucosa: DMT
  • Mucuna pruriens: The leaves, seeds, stems and roots contain L-Dopa, Serotonin, 5-HTP, and Nicotine, as well as N,N-DMT, Bufotenine, and 5-MeO-DMT
  • Petalostylis casseoides: 0.4-0.5% tryptamine, DMT, etc. in leaves and stems
  • Petalostylis labicheoides var. casseoides: DMT in leaves and stems
  • Phyllodium pulchellum: 0.2% 5-MeO-DMT, small quantities of DMT

Lauraceae

  • Nectandra megapotamica: NMT

Malpighiaceae (75 genera-1300 species)

  • Diplopterys cabrerana: DMT 0.17-1.74%, average of 0.47% DMT

Myristicaceae/Nutmeg family (20 genera-500 species)

  • Horsfieldia superba: 5-MeO-DMT and beta-carbolines
  • Iryanthera macrophylla: 5-MeO-DMT in bark
  • Iryanthera ulei: 5-MEO-DMT in bark
  • Osteophloem platyspermum: DMT, 5-MEO-DMT in bark
  • Virola calophylla: Leaves 0.149% DMT, 0.006% MMT
  • Virola callophylloidea: DMT
  • Virola carinata: DMT in leaves
  • Virola cuspidata: DMT
  • Virola divergens: DMT in leaves
  • Virola elongata: DMT, 5-MEO-DMT in bark and leaves
  • Virola melinonii: DMT in bark
  • Virola multinervia: DMT, 5-MEO-DMT in bark and leaves
  • Virola pavonis: DMT in leaves
  • Virola peruviana: DMT, 5-MEO-DMT in bark
  • Virola rufula: Alkaloids in bark and root, 95% of which is MeO-DMT
  • Virola sebifera: DMT in bark
  • Virola surinamensis: DMT
  • Virola theiodora: DMT, 5-MEO-DMT in bark, roots, leaves and flowers. DMT
  • Virola venosa: DMT, 5-MEO-DMT in roots, leaves. DMT

Ochnaceae (53 genera-600 species)

  • Testulea gabonensis: 0.2% 5-MeO-DMT, small quantities of DMT,. DMT in bark and root bark., NMT
  • Genus Pandanus/Screw Pine: DMT in nuts.

Poaceae/Gramineae (600 genera-10000 species)

Polygonaceae (43 genera-1100 species)

  • Erigonum: DMT

Punicaceae

  • Punica granatum: DMT in root cortex;". The dried stem and root bark of the tree contain about 0.4-0.9% alkaloids

Rubiaceae (600 genera-10000 species)

  • Psychotria carthagenensis: 0.2% average DMT in dried leaves
  • Psychotria expansa: DMT
  • Psychotria forsteriana: DMT
  • Psychotria insularum: DMT
  • Psychotria poeppigiana: DMT
  • Psychotria rostrata: DMT
  • Psychotria rufipilis: DMT
  • Psychotria viridis: DMT 0.1-0.61% dried mass

Rutaceae


  • Dictyoloma incanescens: 5-MeO-DMT in leaves, 0.04% 5-MeO-DMT in bark
  • Dutaillyea drupacea: > 0.4 % 5-MeO-DMT in leaves
  • Dutaillyea oreophila: 5-MeO-DMT in leaves
  • Evodia rutaecarpa: 5-MeO-DMT in leaves., fruit and roots
  • Limonia acidissima: 5-MeO-DMT in stems
  • Melicope leptococca: 0.2% total alkaloids, 0.07% 5-MeO-DMT; 5-MeO-DMT in leaves and stems,. also "5-MeO-DMT-Oxide and a beta-carboline".
  • Pilocarpus organensis: 5-MeO-DMT in leaves
  • Vepris ampody: Up to 0.2% DMT in leaves and branches
  • Zanthoxylum arborescens: DMT in leaves
  • Zanthoxylum procerum: DMT in leaves

Urticaceae (79 genera-2600 species)


Acoraceae



Cactaceae


Plants containing beta-carbolines

Beta-carbolines are "reversible" MAO-A inhibitors. They are found in some plants used to make Ayahuasca. In high doses the harmala alkaloids are somewhat hallucinogenic on their own.


Apocynaceae

  • Amsonia tabernaemontana: Harmine
  • Aspidosperma exalatum Beta-carbolines
  • Aspidosperma polyneuron: Beta-carbolines
  • Apocynum cannabinum: Harmalol
  • Ochrosia nakaiana: Harman
  • Pleicarpa mutica: Beta-carbolines

Bignoniaceae
  • Newbouldia laevis: Harman


Calycanthaceae

Chenopodiaceae

  • Hammada leptoclada: Tetrahydroharman
  • Kochia scoparia: Harmine

Combretaceae

  • Guiera senegalensis: Harman

Cyperaceae

  • Carex brevicollis: Harmine
  • Carex parva: Beta-carbolines

Elaeagnaceae


Gramineae

  • Arundo donax: Tetrahydroharman
  • Festuca arundinacea: Harman
  • Lolium perenne/Perennial Ryegrass: Harman
  • Phalaris aquatica Beta-carbolines
  • Phalaris arundinacea Beta-carbolines

Lauraceae

  • Nectandra megapotamica: Beta-carbolines

Leguminosae

  • Acacia baileyana: Tetrahydroharman
  • Acacia complanata, Tetrahydroharman
  • Burkea africana, Harman
  • Desmodium gangeticum, Beta-carbolines
  • Desmodium gyrans, Beta-carbolines
  • Desmodium pulchellum: Harman
  • Mucuna pruriens, 6-Methoxy-Harman
  • Petalostylis labicheoides, Tetrahydroharman; MAO's up to 0.5%
  • Prosopis nigra, Harman
  • Shepherdia pulchellum, Beta-carbolines

Loganiaceae

  • Strychnos melinoniana, Beta-carboline
  • Strychnos usambarensis, Harman

Malpighiaceae

  • Banisteriopsis argentia: 5-methoxytetrahydroharman, (-)-N(6)-methoxytetrahydroharman, dimethyltryptamine-N(6)-oxide
  • Banisteriopsis caapi: Harmine 0.31-8.43%, tetrahydroharmine, telepathine, dihydroshihunine
  • Banisteriopsis inebrians: Beta-carbolines
  • Banisteriopsis lutea: Harmine, telepathine
  • Banisteriopsis metallicolor: Harmine, telepathine
  • Banisteriopsis muricata: Harmine
  • Banisteriopsis rusbyana: Beta-carbolines
  • Cabi pratensis: Beta-carbolines
  • Callaeum antifebrile/Cabi paraensis: Harmine

Myristicaceae

  • Gymnacranthera paniculata: Beta-carbolines
  • Horsfieldia superba: Beta-carbolines
  • Virola cuspidata: 6-Methoxy-Harman
  • Virola rufula: Beta-carbolines
  • Virola theidora: Beta-carbolines

Ochnaceae

  • Testulea gabonensis: Beta-carbolines

Palmae

  • Plectocomiopsis geminiflorus: Beta-carbolines

Papaveraceae

Passifloraceae

Polygonaceae

  • Calligonum minimum: Beta-carbolines
  • Leptactinia densiflora: Leptaflorine
  • Ophiorrhiza japonica: Harman
  • Pauridiantha callicarpoides: Harman
  • Pauridiantha dewevrei: Harman
  • Pauridiantha lyalli: Harman
  • Pauridiantha viridiflora: Harman
  • Simira klugii: Harman
  • Simira rubra: Harman

Rubiaceae

  • Borreria verticillata: Beta-carbolines
  • Leptactinia densiflora: Beta-carbolines
  • Nauclea diderrichii: Beta-carbolines
  • Ophiorrhiza japonica: Beta-carbolines
  • Pauridiantha callicarpoides: Beta-carbolines
  • Pauridiantha dewevrei: Beta-carbolines
  • Pauridiantha yalli: Beta-carbolines
  • Pauridiantha viridiflora: Beta-carbolines
  • Pavetta lanceolata: Beta-carbolines
  • Psychotria carthagenensis/Amyruca: Beta-carbolines
  • Psychotria viridis: Beta-carbolines
  • Simira klugii: Beta-carbolines
  • Simira rubra: Beta-carbolines
  • Uncaria attenuata: Beta-carbolines
  • Uncaria canescens: Beta-carbolines
  • Uncaria orientalis: Beta-carbolines

Rutaceae

  • Evodia: Some contain carbolines
  • Melicope leptococca: Beta-carboline
  • Araliopsis tabouensis: Beta-carbolines
  • Findersia laevicarpa: Beta-carbolines
  • Xanthoxylum rhetsa: Beta-carbolines

Sapotaceae

  • Chrysophyllum lacouritianum: Norharman

Simaroubaceae

  • Ailanthus malabarica: Beta-carbolines
  • Perriera madagascariensis: Beta-carbolines
  • Picrasma ailanthoides: Beta-carbolines
  • Picrasma crenata: Beta-carbolines
  • Picrasma excelsa: Beta-carbolines
  • Picrasma javanica: Beta-carbolines

Solanaceae

Symplocaceae

  • Symplocos racemosa: Harman

Tiliaceae

  • Grewia mollis, Beta-carbolines

Zygophyllaceae

  • Fagonia cretica: Harman
  • Nitraria schoberi: Beta-carbolines
  • Peganum harmala/Syrian Rue: The seeds contain about 2-6% alkaloids, most of which is harmaline
  • Peganum harmala: is also an abortifacient
  • Peganum nigellastrum: Harmine
  • Tribulus terrestris: Harman
  • Zygophyllum fabago: Harman, harmine


  • Salvia divinorum: Salvinorin A, 0.89-3.87 mg/g, also Salvinorin B and Salvinorin C
  • Argyreia nervosa/Hawaiian Baby Woodrose: Ergine, Seeds contain high amounts of LSA (also known as d-lysergic acid amide, d-lysergamide, ergine, and LA-111), often 50-150X the amounts found in Ipomoea violacea. The seeds of the plant contain ergot alkaloids, including the non-hallucinogenic LSA (ergine), which is a chemical analog of LSD
  • Tabernanthe iboga: Ibogaine in root bark
  • Tabernanthe orientalis: Ibogaine in root leaves
  • Tabernanthe pubescens: Ibogaine and similar alkaloids
  • Tabernaemontana sp. Ibogaine
  • Trachelospermum jasminoides: Ibogaine
  • Nelumbo nucifera: blue lotus, Indian lotus, sacred lotus, bean of India, and sacred water-lily. In Ancient Egypt, Nelumbo nucifera was unknown, being introduced only at the time of the Persian invasions, late in ancient Egyptian history. The ancient Egyptians venerated the blue water-lily, Nymphaea caerulea, which was sometimes known as the "blue lotus" or "sacred lotus"
  • Nymphaea caerulea: Aporphine, recent studies have shown Nympaea caerulea to have psychedelic properties, and may have been used as a sacrament in ancient Egypt and certain ancient South American cultures. Dosages of 5 to 10 grams of flowers induces slight stimulation, a shift in thought processes, and mild closed-eye visuals. Nymphaea caerulea is very often confused with Nelumbo nucifera (Sacred Lotus), which contains the alkaloid nuciferine, which has sedative and muscle-relaxing properties. The active principal alkaloid in N. caerulea is currently unknown
  • Mitragyna Speciosa: Leaves contain mitragynine (thought to be primary psychoactive), mitraphylline, and 7-hydroxymitragynine. (An unusual stimulant and narcotic-like effect reminiscent of caffeine and opium)
  • Leonotis leonurus: Both leaves and flowers (where most concentrated) contain Leonurine. (Effects reminiscent of marijuana)
  • Leonotis nepetifolia: Both leaves and flowers (where most concentrated) contain Leonurine. (Effects reminiscent of marijuana)
  • Calea zacatechichi/Dream Herb: Produces vivid dreams after smoking. It is also employed by the Chontal people as a medicinal herb against gastrointestinal disorders, and is used as an appetizer, cathartic anti-dysentery remedy, and as a fever-reducing agent

Convolvulaceae
  • Ipomoea tricolor: D-lysergic acid amide
  • Ipomoea violacea: D-lysergic acid amide
  • Rivea corymbosa: D-lysergic acid amide, lysergol, and turbicoryn
  • Mirabilis: LSA


Apocynaceae


Aquifoliaceae

  • Ilex guayusa: which is used as an additive to some versions of Ayahuasca. According to the Ecuadorian indigenous, it is also slightly hallucinogenic on its own, when drunk in high enough quantities.


Euphorbiaceae


Loganaceae


Lythraceae

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